Building on the steps taken with IRCA in 1986, IIRIRA further empowered federal authorities to enforce immigration restrictions by adding resources for border policing and for verification of employment credentials. It sought to improve border control by imposing criminal penalties for racketeering, alien smuggling and the use or creation of fraudulent immigration-related documents and increasing interior enforcement by agencies charged with monitoring visa applications and visa abusers. This act created procedures to remove aliens who appeared at America’s borders without proper documentation and required anyone desiring asylum to apply for such status within one year of entering the United States. These rules placed more responsibility on asylum seekers to provide the documentation needed to support their application for asylum. As a result, there has been a decline in asylum applications.