In June 2012, the Obama Administration issued this executive order after immigration reform remained subject to long-standing inaction by Congress even though a majority of U.S. voters agreed that some pathway to citizenship should be available to persons who had arrived as children and had no culpability in their unauthorized immigration. These young unauthorized immigrants became known as DREAMers, after the reform bill that Congress failed to pass titled the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act. To qualify, applicants were required to have arrived before the age of 16, could not be older than 30 when the program was introduced, and have no criminal records. If accepted after passing a background check, DACA recipients gained renewable two-year permits to work and study. DACA granted prosecutorial discretion to various immigration authorities, but did not provide a pathway to legal status. Since 2012, roughly 790,000 young unauthorized immigrants have been able to have more secure status in gaining social security cards, protection from deportation and separation from their families, and rights to work.